Barriers to inclusion can be environmental (which include physical barriers and communication barriers), attitudinal, and institutional. These obstacles can prevent a person from fully participating in society.

  • Barriers linked to negative attitudes can be stereotypes of, for example, women with disabilities not needing reproductive health because they are seen as asexual, or by taking for granted that persons cannot participate to cash for work programmes because they have a disability. Misconceptions of disability often conduct to create discrimination;

  • Environental barriers include physical barriers, for example the presence of stairs to enter school or a camp registration facility where ramps and handles have not been installed; but also communication barrier that occurs when information is delivered in only one manner. Therefore provide a larger range of communication channels, in different formats to make your information accessible to everyone.

  • Institutional barriers are made of policies of government or organisations that discriminate men, girls, with disabilities. Many barriers exist prior to the emergency or conflict, while others might be created by the emergency and/or the humanitarian response.