Access to clean water is fundamental in an emergency context. Being dependent on others for accessing water resources for drinking, sanitation, hygiene or irrigation, can be unsafe and result in harmful personal consequences.

Access to water and sanitation facilities, which comprise toilets, closed showers, washing areas are basic needs for everyone. Sexual abuse, financial exploitation and deteriorating health consequences are only a handful of challenges women, men, including older people, girls and boys with disabilities may face because of often not having full access to water resources.
Furthermore, lack of access to water resources can limited the ability to join public spaces and participate to community activities and social events.
In emergency set-up, access to safe water can be facilitated by activities that are quite easy to implement, if correctly planned in advance: accessibility of well, handpump, washroom need to be budgeted from the very beginning of the response.